The Magic Of Beltane

Dancing around the Maypole is a favorite Beltane ritual.

Last week I noticed the first deep pink rose unfurling its petals in our front garden. Mmmm! I paused in my hurried walk up the driveway to take a deep whiff.

Each evening the daylight lingers a few more minutes, ebbing into twilights that seem endless. New spring wildflowers are popping out each day along the trails, greeting me as I jog by.


All of this tells me, it’s almost Beltane!

What the heck is Beltane you ask?

It’s the ancient Pagan/Celtic word for the celebration that occurs exactly halfway between spring equinox and summer solstice – and it’s happening right now, on May Day.

I’ve been writing about the Pagan Wheel of the Year on this blog for a while – following the changing seasons (AKA the turning of the sacred wheel) – and I couldn’t let my favorite celebration pass without a nod.

Every season has its beauty, its unique offering. But this peak of spring has always stood out as my absolute favorite time of year. The hope and promise of the brand new plants emerging from the fecund soil, new leaves unfurling by the hour, the softening temperatures and lingering light.

This is a time of mornings moist with fresh, new flowers and rustling with the song of baby birds.

The bite of the cold rains has left, but the cloying heat of summer has yet to settle.

Altogether, if you live in the Northern Hemisphere it’s hard not to love this season of May Day or Beltane.

What Is Beltane All About?

Back in the days when it wasn’t just an eco-groovy trend to grow your own food – when it was your only option (aside from hunting and gathering of course) – Beltane was the season of crop sowing. The earth had warmed and loosened enough to accept the seeds that would transform into nourishment for the entire clan.

But Mother Nature, being the fickle Goddess she is, would sometimes foil the best laid plans of vigilant farmers. Drought, rains, late frosts, blights – so many aberrations could come about to ruin the crops, causing the people to go hungry.

Beltane celebrations honored and paid tribute to the Gods and Goddesses of fertility, of plants and the Earth that nourishes.

Because it’s a celebration of fertility, of fecundity, of the sweetness of sex, the people honored the spirits by setting aside all sexual taboos for the evening. Springtime is mating season for many of nature’s creatures – and humans are not left out!

Fertile thoughts of love and romance dance on the wings of the dragonflies, in the blossoming flowers, in the impossible green of the rain-soaked blades of grass.

Beltane means it’s time to let go and have some fun!

It might mean plunging your hands into the soil and planting some seeds or flower starts, or it could mean doing a happy dance (clothing optional) on whatever plot of grass you can find.

Discover a piece of Nature this week if you can and feel that spirit of new life surging through your own self.

I’ve written about Beltane before, and researched some of the rituals that made this pagan holiday so delightful. Read on if you’re intrigued by the magic of Beltane.

Beltane Lore And History

Many of us have fond memories of filling baskets with fresh flowers and leaving them on the neighbors’ door on the first day of May, or of dancing around a maypole adorned with brightly colored ribbons.

These are ancient traditions of the Beltane holiday that have carried on to this day. Children love to take part in such rituals.

The spirit of Beltane can be conveyed by a child’s unrestrained expression of bliss. It is the sheer joy of running through fields, picking flowers, swallowing the sunlight, delighting in the fragrance of spring, dancing in the fresh dew covered grass.

Beltane means “fire of Bel” or “bright fire” – the “bale-fire”. Bel or Beli  was a Celtic Sun God, known as the bright and shinning one. Bel is the father, protector, and the husband of the Mother Goddess.

The Beltane festivities celebrated the sacred marriage between the god and the goddess. They welcomed the return of vitality, of passion

For the ancient Celts of the British Isles, the Beltane Festival was one of rapturous gaiety as it joyfully heralded the arrival of summer. Fires were an important part of the festivities, giant ritual blazes were built to insure that the warmth of the Sun’s light would continue to promote the fecundity of the earth.

Flowers are an essential symbol of Beltane, they not only signal the victory of Summer over Winter, but the blossoming of sensuality in all of nature and the bounty it will bring.

Although, modern celebrations of May Day usually occur on May 1, in olden times Beltane began at sundown on April 30. Lore has it that as darkness fell on Beltane Eve, couples would slip away from the fire to spend the night together in the surrounding woods.

Older married couples were allowed to remove their wedding rings for this one night. They would emerge in the dawn light, rumpled but happy, and bathe their faces in the first morning dew of May.

Women would braid flowers into their hair. Men and women alike would decorate their bodies to ready themselves for the dance around the maypole and to continue with the Beltane revelry.

The phallic maypole symbolized the interweaving of the male and female energies to bring fertility to all unions.

The pole was draped with ribbons and flowers, and the traditional circular dance alternated male and female dancers, weaving in and out in a maze movement, plaiting ribbons as they go.

The dance became a spiral with the men moving clockwise and the women moving counter-clockwise in a rehearsed movement. In the end the ribbons wound tightly around the pole in a latticed pattern, and it was thought that the better the pattern, the better the harvest would be that fall.

This period between May 1st and Summer Solstice, and especially Beltane itself, has always been considered a time when it is easiest to spy the fairies frolicking in the woodlands and garden. It was common practice to leave food or a bowl of milk as an offering for the fairies on Beltane Eve.

It’s fun to celebrate the magic of Beltane by bringing green branches and fresh flowers into your home. Go outside right now and find some!

Happy Spring!

All photos by Sarah O’Leary


8 Responses to The Magic Of Beltane

  1. Ha! That is sooo not what they told us in school! I’m happy to know the truth about the maypole..Fascinating info, thanks for sharing! 🙂

    • Ha ha – I didn’t get that in school either Kaylee! We learned about Mary, Queen of the May. I like the Beltane story lots better though. Glad you enjoyed.

  2. Just like Lori said, this makes me want to go outside and skip like a little boy. But its midnight, and I’m too reserved, so perhaps not….

    • Aww, Amit! Midnite is the perfect time to skip around outside and check out the moon in May! Ah well maybe next time. Thanks for stopping by the blog, and thanks for your comment.

  3. May is my favorite month, full of hope and the thoughts of summer, it’s also my birthday tomorrow so that’s an added bonus !

    • Happy Birthday Ciara! I love the month of May as well with it’s promise of summer and fragrant flowers. What a beautiful month to be born!

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